Holy Crap Accomplishment: Compulsory Education in the U.S.
Compulsory education laws require children to attend a public or state-accredited private school for a certain period of time.
Ancient Judea- Jewish leaders required parents to provide at least informal education for children
Rabbi’s founded many schools
Aztec Triple Alliance – Mexico 15th century – first to require education of all children.
Martin Luther called for mandatory school laws so protestant children could read bible in their own language (Catholics read only in Latin at the time.)
Scotland – School Est. Act of 1616 first to include commoners
Massachusetts colony passed law in 1647.
Massachusetts first U.S. State to pass law in 1852. The 1852 law required every city and town to offer primary school, focusing on grammar and basic arithmetic. Parents who refused to send their children to school were fined and (in some cases) stripped of their parental rights, and their children apprenticed to others.
Prior to this: educ. Provided by private schools run by churches. Poor could not afford tuition.
Immigration of 19th and 20th century – education seen as best way to assimilate immigrant children.
First Wave: 1920s
1920s: Smith-Towner Act – established Nat. Education Assoc. and provided federal funds to public schools.
Designed to dissolved parochial and other private schools.
Driven by public’s fear of immigrants and the need to Americanize
Because so many schools were catholic, there was an anti-catholic overtone supported by KKK
Also, education bill passed as remedy to child labor concern
Holy Crap Thinking
Fear- of Catholic Church
Fear – of immigration
Fear – of Child Labor
Fear – favoring the rich
2019: 27% of U.S. adults haven’t read a book in the last year. (Pew Study) (hardback or digital)
Up from 19% in 2011.
Follows race and income.
Holy Crap Quote:
“The school of life embodies a compulsory education that no man escapes.”
George Edward Woodberry
“The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” – Alvin Toffler
Holy Crap Challenge:
Think Bigger: What can you learn? Where can you learn it?
Reach Higher: Read. Read. Read. Listen. Seek out mentors.
Do the Impossible: Take command of your learning
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131 Human Genome Project
130 Ice Block Expedition of 1959
129 Norway's Floating Highway
128 Transcontinental Railroad
127 Satellite Mega-Constellations
126 War Rationing
125 Depression Era Scarcity
124 Countrywide Recycling
123 Trash-less City
122 Building the Empire State Building
121 Bell Rock Lighthouse
120 Doc's Accomplishments
119 American Independence
118 The Moon Landing
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