Health & Fitness
What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a waxy, lipid in every cell’s membrane and our blood plasma, vital for life
There are rare genetic disorders in which people cannot properly synthesize cholesterol. Once such disease is Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (also called “SLOS,” or 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase deficiency) which is a metabolic and congenital disorder leading to a number of problems including autism, mental retardation, lack of muscle, and many others.
You get some cholesterol from the your diet and some your body makes.
Cholesterol is different day to day
All Cholesterol is NOT created equal.
The tests your doctor runs do not tell the whole story
Many (not all) people will have increase in cholesterol on a high fat diet but most studies show IMPROVED cholesterol profiles (inc in good cholesterol, decrease in bad)
So the AHA is right. Saturated fat does increase cholesterol. But does this mean it increases heart attack? Probably depends what you are eating the saturated fat with and your genetics.
The good (HDL), The bad (TG) and The ugly (LDL)
HDL (the Good)
Transfers excess cholesterol that tissues don’t use back to liver
Liver excreted through bile
HDL is the one to naturally help get rid of excess cholesterol when the body’s done with it,
You want it as high as possible
Increased by LCHF / Keto
Triglycerides: (THE BAD) (causes fatty liver and heart disease)
TG are fuel for your body
High TG in blood because your body is not using it
Its using glycogen instead
If fat adapted - you are using this up
TG just sit around and cause problems
TG float around in circulation
Because hard and dense and causes problems/ plaques
It starts to get oxidized
Damaged and clogged arteries
Your body tries to clear it with local inflammation
Cells responding to inflammation cause plaque and clog arteries
Arteries are narrowed and less blood and less oxygen
TG increase small dense LDL
LDL: (the ugly) - because its complicated
LDL delivers cholesterol to tissues. Large fluffy LDL does this
LDL-C (large and fluffy) and LDL-P (go to artery walls and clog)
ApoB (a proxy for LDL-P which not many labs run)
Apolipoprotein B (ApoB) is an important component of many lipoproteins that are involved in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease.
Apo B containing lipoproteins are the ones that are most likely to enter the wall of the arteries.
If you are not going to change your lifestyle and eat high sugar diet and you have heart disease - you might want to take a statin
If you eat low carb high fat your cholesterol panel will be different then someone on a SAD
Make sure you get the break down of particles to get a better picture
Currently, most people in the United States (and the world for that matter) undergo a “standard” lipid panel, which only directly measures TC, TG, and HDL-C. LDL-C is measured or most often estimated
HIGH Triglycerides is BAD
HIGH HDL is GOOD
LDL-C is large fluffy and healthy GOOD
LDL-P vs ApoB is small and dense and bad
When looking for information look to lipidologists who have phDs in this stuff not correlational / drug company funded research (mostly what doctors are aware of)
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