Religion & Spirituality:Christianity
INTRODUCTION TO ROMANS 9
CHAPTERS 9–11’S RELATIONSHIP TO CHAPTERS 1–8
But I believe that:
Romans 9–11 forms a literary unit. It must be interpreted together as a whole. However, there are at least three major subject divisions.
This section is as much a cry from the heart as a presentation from the mind. Its passion reminds one of God’s heart breaking over rebellious Israel in Hosea 11:1–4, 8–9.
In many ways the pain and goodness of the Law in chapter 7 are paralleled in chapters 9–10. In both cases Paul’s heart was breaking over the irony of a law from God that brought death instead of life!
This text, like Eph. 1:3–14, deals with the eternal purposes of God for the redemption of humanity. At first it seems to describe God choosing some individuals and rejecting other individuals (supralapsarian Calvinism), however, I think the focus is not on individuals, but on God’s eternal plan of redemption (cf. Gen. 3:15; Acts 2:23; 3:18; 4:28; and 13:29).
The Jerome Biblical Commentary, vol. 2, “The New Testament,” edited by Joseph A. Fitzmyer and Raymond E. Brown, says:
“It is important to realize from the outset that Paul’s perspective is corporate; he is not discussing the responsibility of individuals. If he seems to bring up the question of divine predestination, this has nothing to do with the predestination of individuals to glory” (p. 318)
Related Insights to Chapter 9
It is Free